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شنبه 25 آبان 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
پنجشنبه 21 فروردین 1393 :: نویسنده : Me
برای استفاده از دیکشنری آکسفورد آنلاین روی لینک زیر کلیک کنید







نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : آموزش زبان، اصطلاحات انگلیسی، زبان، دیکشنری آنلاین، آکسفورد،
لینک های مرتبط :
چهارشنبه 28 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
سه شنبه 27 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
سال خوبی داشته باشید




نوع مطلب :
برچسب ها : تبریک سال نو، شکلک متحرک سال نو، کارت پستال سال نو،
لینک های مرتبط :
لغات کتاب زبان پیش دانشگاهی همراه معنی فارسی






نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : آموزش زبان، کتاب پیش دانشگاهی، لغات کتاب زبان، معنی لغات کتاب زبان پیش دانشگاهی، دانلود،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 24 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
برای خواندن داستان های انگلیسی آنلاین در قسمت زیر کلیک کنید





نوع مطلب : سرگرمی، آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : آموزش زبان، داستان انگلیسی، داستان های آنلاین، Reading، Short stories، داستان های کوتاه انگلیسی،
لینک های مرتبط :
جمعه 23 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
یکشنبه 18 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
سه شنبه 13 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me

"Have to" and "must" have the same meaning in the affirmative and interrogative forms when referring to obligation. Some grammarians think that "must" is slightly stronger, but for all practical purposes, they mean the same thing:

Doctors have to attend medical school for several years before they can practice medicine.

Doctors must attend medical school for several years before they can practice medicine.

While "have to" and "must" can be used interchangeably, there are differences in usage, as Michael Swan observes inPractical English Usage (Oxford University Press, 1995):

Both verbs can be used in British English to talk about obligation. (In American English, have to is the normal form.) British English often makes a distinction as follows. Must is used mostly to talk about the feelings and wishes of the speaker and hearer - for example, to give or ask for orders. Have (got) to is used mostly to talk about obligations that come from "outside" - for example from laws, regulations, agreements and other people's orders. Compare:

must stop smoking. (I want to.)
I've got to [or I have to - Rachel]stop smoking. Doctor's orders.
This is a terrible party. We reallymust go home.
This is a lovely party, but we've got to
 [or we have to - Rachel] go home because of the baby-sitter.
..

Must you wear dirty old jeans all the time? (Is it personally important for you?)
Do you have to wear a tie at work?(Is there a regulation?)

The negative forms of "have to" and "must" carry very different meanings.

The negative forms of "have to" ("don't have to," "doesn't have to," "didn't have to") mean that an obligation is not necessary:

We don't have to go to work tomorrow; we can sleep until noon if we want! 

Marcy doesn't have to take any more English courses; she has satisfied the English requirement.

In times past, people didn't have to know how to use computers, but now they do.

In contrast, the negative of "must" ("must not") means that something is not permitted; it is prohibited.

In all cultures, people must not kill or steal.

You must not tell anyone about this. It is vital that the information be kept secret.

Children, you must not run into the street!





نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : آموزش زبان، آموزش انگلیسی، گرامر انگلیسی به زبان فارسی، must، گرامر have to، فرق have to و must،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 3 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
دانلود دیکشنری تصویری 
Nelson
(حجم دانلود حدود 25 مگابایت)
ویژه ی سطوح مبتدی





نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : آموزش زبان، دانلود، دیکشنری، دیکشنری تصویری، فرهنگ لغت مبتدی، فرهنگ لغت انگلیسی تصویری،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 3 اسفند 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
How can I explain the difference between 'could' and 'can' when expressing possibility? Most of the time it is clear from the context, but use of can can also express possibility (rather than ability). For example, giving advice answering the question: How can/could I improve my English? You can/could listen to the radio, watch TV and read the newspaper. Both are possible. Students want to know when to use 'could' and when to use 'can'.

Caroline Talbot

Taking your examples first, I think the short answer is that: You could listen to the radio emphasizes that this is a suggestion or piece of advice, whereas You can listen to the radio emphasizes simply that this is an option that's available. 

You could listen to the radio contains more personal involvement and subjectivity; You can listen to the radiois more strictly factual and objective. 

Similarly, How could I improve my English? is more a request for advice, whereas How can I improve my English?is more a factual question about available options. (But of course we can also answer this question by giving advice.)

Can and could, like the other modal verbs, have developed quite a range of meanings and uses. You ask how to explain the difference, and explanation can certainly help, but learning all the ins and outs of these verbs is a long process which requires plenty of experience, observation and experiment.

I think your question touches on two main issues: possibility vs. ability, and can vs. could.


1) Ability and possibility

Ability and possibility are similar ideas. If you've got the ability to do something, then it's possible for you to do it - in principle at least, although there might be something that prevents you. And, conversely, if you haven't got the ability to do something, then it isn't possible for you to do it. Both can and could (and other modals, especially may and might) are used to express various kinds of possibility, ability, permission and potential.


2) Can and Could

Could, of course, functions as the past tense of can, and like other past forms, it sometimes simply indicates past time: In those days there was no security and anybody could walk in, day or night.

But, like the past forms of other verbs, it can also indicate things like tentativeness, indirectness, deference and a wish not to impose. Compare:

I wanted to have a word with you (now)
I wondered if you needed any help (now)

with:

I want to have a word with you
I wonder if you need any help

The last two examples are more direct; the first two are more tentative, and possibly more polite – though that depends on other factors, too.

When we make suggestions, we often like to be rather tentative, so as to avoid giving the impression that we necessarily expect people to do as we say. Of course, it's possible to make much stronger suggestions – e.g. I think you should listen to the radio – but we generally prefer to adopt a more 'take it or leave it' approach, and lessen the possibility of offence on either side. So that's why You could ..... is so commonly used in suggestions (and, by the same token, Could you .....? is often used for requests). In fact, it's so common that it makes sense to learn it as one of the standard formulae for giving advice and making suggestions (and to reserve You can ....., in similar contexts, for factual statements). And, by the way, it's quite common to add always: Well, you could always listen to the radio. Of course, the well at the beginning isn't necessary, but it also contributes to the general impression of tentativeness.   





نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : آموزش زبان، گذشته ی can، تفاوت can و could،
لینک های مرتبط :
دوشنبه 28 بهمن 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
Summit 2 دانلود کتاب
(حجم دانلود حدود 10 مگابایت)






نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : دانلود، کتاب summit، Summit 2، آموزش زبان، »کالمه ی زبان،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 12 بهمن 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
دیکشنری تخصصی ورزش






نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : دانلود، دیکشنری تخصصی ورزش، دانلود دیکشنری تخصصی ورزشی، آموزش زبان، دیکشنری ورزش،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 12 بهمن 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
چطور یک رزومه بنویسیم؟

Quick Resume






نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : دانلود، آموزش انگلیسی، آموزش نگارش، رزومه نویسی، چگونه رزومه بنویسیم،
لینک های مرتبط :
دوشنبه 7 بهمن 1392 :: نویسنده : Me


The Rules of Regular and Irregular Plurals

For most nouns, just add -s

For nouns ending in s, x, z, ch or sh, add -es
SingularPluralSingularPlural
handhandsboxboxes
rabbitrabbitspitchpitches
keykeyswishwishes
clockclocksbossbosses
footballfootballsbuzzbuzzes
doordoorsglassglasses
    

For some words ending in o, add -es

However, for some words ending in o, just add -s
SingularPluralSingularPlural
potatopotatoescellocellos
tomatotomatoesdiscodiscos
heroheroeshairdohairdos
echoechoeslogologos
banjobanjoespatiopatios
The plural of many words ending in o can be spelt with -s or -es.photophotos
pianopianos
radioradios
    

For some words ending in f, change the f to a v and add -es

However, for some words ending in f, just add -s
SingularPluralSingularPlural
halfhalveschefchefs
loafloavescliffcliffs
elfelvesrefrefs
leafleavesroofroofs
selfselvesThe plural of some nouns ending in f can be spelt using either variation.
shelfshelves
thiefthieves
wolfwolves
    

For some nouns ending in ife, change the f to a v and then add -s

For common nouns that end with consonant + y, change the y to an i and then add -es
SingularPluralSingularPlural
wifewivespoppypoppies
lifelivesflyflies
knifeknivespennypennies
spyspies
nappynappies
stysties
    

Some nouns are the same in both singular and plural from

For some nouns, change other letters or just change the word completely!
SingularPluralSingularPlural
fishfishpersonpeople
sheepsheepchildchildren
deerdeeroxoxen
tunatunafootfeet
salmonsalmontoothteeth
trouttroutgoosegeese
  mousemice
  louselice
manmen




نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : آموزش زبان، جمع بستن اسم ها، گرامر، جمع های بی قاعده، اسم های جمع،
لینک های مرتبط :
جمعه 4 بهمن 1392 :: نویسنده : Me

An idiom is a word, phrase, or expression that cannot be taken literally because the meaning is figurative. Idioms are a form of expression peculiar to a language. The English language has many idioms that mention food. The following sections provide definitions of some common English idioms and proverbs that include fruit, vegetables, and baked goods.

Fruit Idioms

The following English idioms figuratively use some sort of fruit, usually to describe something negative but occasionally something positive.

به ادامه ی مطلب بروید



ادامه مطلب


نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : اصطلاحات، اصطلاحات میوه ای، آموزش زبان، Fruit Idioms، میوه ها در اصطلاحات انگلیسی، اصطلاحات غذاها،
لینک های مرتبط :
سه شنبه 1 بهمن 1392 :: نویسنده : Me

دانلود مجله ی English Teaching Professional

September 2013







نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : دانلود، مجله انگلیسی، آموزش زبان، راهنمای معلم، راهنمای teaching،
لینک های مرتبط :
دوشنبه 23 دی 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
Test Your Basic English

دایره ی لغات خود را تست کنید!

تست های مختلف همراه پاسخ و فایل صوتی

(حجم دانلود هر کتاب حدود 25 مگابایت)







نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : دانلود، آموزش زبان، آموزش لغات ضروری، آموزش انگلیسی مبتدی، تست زبان انگلیسی، تست لغت انگلیسی،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 7 دی 1392 :: نویسنده : Me

Tongue-Twisters

A tongue-twister is a sequence of words that is difficult to pronounce quickly and correctly. Even native English speakers find the tongue-twisters on this page difficult to say quickly. Try them yourself. Try to say them as fast as possible, but correctly!

A proper copper coffee pot.

Around the rugged rocks the ragged rascals ran.

Long legged ladies last longer.

Mixed biscuits, mixed biscuits.

A box of biscuits, a box of mixed biscuits and a biscuit mixer!

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper.
Did Peter Piper pick a peck of pickled pepper?
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper,
Where's the peck of pickled pepper Peter Piper picked?

Pink lorry, yellow lorry.

Red leather, yellow leather, red leather, yellow leather.

She sells sea-shells on the sea-shore.

The sixth sick Sheik's sixth sheep is sick.
[Sometimes described as the hardest tongue-twister in the English language.]

Swan swam over the pond,
Swim swan swim!
Swan swam back again -
Well swum swan!

Three grey geese in green fields grazing.

We surely shall see the sun shine soon.





نوع مطلب : سرگرمی، آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : Tongue Twisters، آموزش زبان، سرگرمی،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 30 آذر 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
دانلود جزوه ی گرامر انگلیسی به زبان فارسی

از مبتدی تا پیشرفته

ویژه ی دانش آموزان و دانشجویان

(حجم دانلود حدود 700 کیلوبایت)




نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : گرامر انگلیسی به فارسی، جزوه ی گرامر، گرامر دبیرستان، دانلود، آموزش زبان (گرامر)، قواعد دستوری دبیرستان،
لینک های مرتبط :
شنبه 30 آذر 1392 :: نویسنده : Me
دانلود کتاب همراه فایل صوتی
۩۞۩  سلام عزیزان خیلی خوش آمدید تصاویرمتحرک شباهنگ www.shabahang20.blogfa.com ۩۞۩

BBC Grammar Challenge
&
The Audio File

(حجم دانلود حدود 90 مگابایت)






نوع مطلب : آموزشی، 
برچسب ها : دانلود، کتاب گرامر، گرامر BBC، آموزش زبان، قواعد دستوری، گرامر از مبتدی تا پیشرفته همراه فایل صوتی، فایل صوتی گرامر،
لینک های مرتبط :


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